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Apologetics: Defending Christianity

Classical Apologetics has been one of the main views, through the history of the Church, on how to do apologetics. Classical Apologists believe that one can use rational arguments and evidence to prove God’s existence. Here are some links for Classical Apologetics websites. I endorse and hold to Classical Apologetics as a true method for defending the faith.

Classical Apologetics

Willliam Lane Craig

Gary Habermas is not a Classical Apologist but, uses the one step method of apologetics or what is known as Evidential Apologetics.

Walter Martin probably one of the greatest apologists of the twentieth century is back on the air. Listen to debates by him here.

Apologetics Index offers over 47,830 pages on religious cults, sects, movements, apologetics, etc…

Classic Apologetical books online to read. These books give answers against the skeptics of the past and present. 

Josh McDowell books. These books will aide one in the study of evidences for the Christian Faith.

Lee Strobel books. These books will aide one in the study of evidences for the Christian Faith.

Here are some recommended books to read on Apologetics. They can be found at by clicking the link below the picture.


I realize that Avery Dulles is a Catholic, nevertheless this is a great book on the History of Apologetics.


There are Five Views of Apologetics or five main methods used to defend the Christian Faith. In this book Steven Cowan allowed five apologist to present their views and then critique the other four. William Lane Craig defends Classical Apologetics, Gary Habermas defends Evidential Apologetics, Paul D. Feinberg defends Cumulative Case Apologetics, John M. Frame defends Presuppositional Apologetics, and finally Kelly James Clark defends Reformed Epistemology Apologetics.


Ronald H. Nash in this book shows how true faith is not against reason, but Christianity is a rational faith.


Finally I recommend to you a book by R. C. Sproul, John H. Gerstner, and Arthur Lindsley. This book is a critique of the presuppositional methods of Cornelius Van Till and his student John M. Frame. This book focuses on showing how reason can be used to prove the existence of God.

Miscellaneous links to aide one in the use of apologetics on various subjects:

Taxonomy of Logical Fallacies

Master list of logical fallacies

Apologetic links to some of Paul E. Little and William Lane Craig materials.

Read about the Pelagian views of Charles Finney and the degradation of modern American Evangelicalism that is held captive by his views.

Does John MacArthur Ride the Reformed Fence? written by Hershel Lee Harvell Jr.

Harold Camping Refuted: The Neccesity of Membership in the Church by Martyn McGeown

Harold Camping Repents . . . Well, Kind of . . . No, Not Really . . . by Kim Riddlebarger

A Year After the Non-Apocalypse: Where Are They Now? by Tom Bartlett

James White on T. D. Jake's Statement concerning the Trinity

Chris Rosebrough was removed from the conference with threat of arrest click here.

Are Churches Secularizing America? by Michael S. Horton

The American Religion by Michael Horton

65 Apologetics Questions Every Christian Parent Needs to Learn to Answer by Natasha Crain

Missions Insights with Dr. James White: Equipping the Saints for Apologetics & Evangelism

Against Roman Catholicism

Sola Scriptura in Dialogue by James White

Does The Bible Teach Sola Scriptura? James White vs. Patrick Madrid

Christ, the Reformers, and Sola Scriptura – 1 By Steven Lawson

Christ, the Reformers, and Sola Scriptura – 2 By Steven Lawson

Why Sola Scriptura is Crucial to Evangelicalism Also can be downloaded as a (Pdf)

The Real Story of the Reformation? Guest on Catholic Answers Says Sola Fide and Sola Scriptura Not Invented by Luther

SOLA SCRIPTURA: The Sufficiency of Scripture by Dr. Rowland Ward

Dr. James White on Sola Scriptura

Sola Scriptura is not Solo Scriptura by Phil Johnson

Sola Scriptura by A. A. Hodge

The Gospel for Roman Catholics

The Spanish Inquisition by Stephen Nichols

Sola Scriptura or Sola Cardia? by Erik Raymond

Roman Catholicism-Founder: Emperor Constantine

What Does Sola Scriptura Mean? by John MacArthur

Pope: Luther's Protest is Over by Kevin Boling (Mp3) A Podcast answering Pope Francis' claim that Luther's protest was over

5 Problems with Roman Catholic Confession

The Myth Of Mother Teresa by Tim Challies

The Popes Of Evangelicalism by Reformed Reader

Roman Catholic Apologists: an Hour Long Phone Call in Response to Rome’s Claims by James White (Audio) (Video)


Archaeologists Uncover Proof of Pre-Jesus Bethlehem by Jeff Schapiro

Rare King David-Era Inscription Discovered in Biblical City

Biblical king's royal seal unearthed in Jerusalem

New Discoveries in Babylonia about Genesis by Air Commodore P. J. Wiseman, C. B. E. (Pdf)


Richard Dawkins Reveals He Is Agnostic by Jeff Schapiro

Atheist Alain de Botton Insists Society Needs Guidance From Religion by Stoyan Zaimov

Greg Bahnsen vs. Gordon Stein-Does God Exist?

Why I am not an Atheist by Ravi Zacharias-two MP3 messages-Part 1 and Part 2

John Piper—On Atheism—It's Laughable and Blasphemous

Irrefutably Refuting Atheism. Irrefutable proof that Atheism is refutable.

Why the Atheist doesn't Exist 

Atheist Richard Dawkins Supports Bibles in Schools by Jeff Schapiro

Atheist Hitchens Praises King James Bible by Audrey Barrick

The New Atheism and Five Arguments for God by William Lane Craig

Popular Atheist Blogger Announces Conversion to Catholicism by Jeff Schapiro

Objections So Bad I Couldn't Have Made Them Up (Worst Objections to Kalam Cosmological) William Lane Craig

Anthony Flew vs. Richard Dawkins

Atheists Behind the Black Church Veil by Eric Redmond

Against the claims of atheism

The Absurdity of Life without God William Lane Craig

New Atheism’s Moral Meltdown (Part 1) by Saints and Sceptics

New Atheism’s Moral Meltdown (Part 2) by Saints and Sceptics

Should Christians be Nice in dealing with Nasty Atheists?

Is Naturalism a Simpler Explanation Than Theism? by Paul Copan

Atheism and the Burden of Proof by Paul Copan

The Closed Mind of Richard Dawkins His atheism is its own kind of narrow religion by John Gray

What Led You To Become An Atheist? Some Surprising Answers

Five Things All Atheists Should Know About Religion If you want to critique organized religion, it helps to know what you’re talking about by Matthew Facciani

New Atheism’s Undead Arguments by Graham Veale

Can atheists know right from wrong? by Matt Slick

7 Facts About Atheists

A book review of “Faith versus Fact: Why Science and Religion Are Incompatible by Jerry a. Coyne” A book review of a book written by an Atheist. Review by Edward Feser.

Bible: Defending Scripture

New Age Bible Versions Refuted by James White (KJV Onlyism Refuted)

How do we Know the Bible is True?

Notecard answers for why I believe the Bible by Erik Raymond

Is the Bible Foundational to Christianity? Engaging with Andy Stanley by Michael J. Kruger


Christianity's Uniqueness

A God-Centered Approach to the Big Questions by Vern Poythress

Apologetics for the Average Christian: Saying “I Don’t Know”

The Justification of Knowledge: An Introductory Study in Christian Apologetic Methodology by Dr. Robert L Reymond Available in ePub, .mobi and .pdf formats

Short Defense of the Old Testament

Historical Evidence for the Authenticity of Jesus

Evidence for the Historical Jesus: Is the Jesus of History the Christ of Faith? by Gary R. Habermas (Pdf)

I'm a Christian But I'm Totally Not... (BuzzFeed Parody) Lutheran Satire [Video]

Bad Doctrine vs Heresy

How Diverse Was Early Christianity? Clearing Up a Few Misconceptions by Michael J. Kruger

Where Are All the Heretical Bishops in the Second Century? by Michael J. Kruger

Was Early Christianity Hostile to Women? by Michael J. Kruger

Were the Stories of Jesus Radically Changed Before They Were Written Down? My Full Review of Bart Ehrman’s Latest by Michael J Kruger and an interview on this book at 'Stand to Reason' with Greg Koukl. Interview with Michael J. Kruger. Download here


Evidence for Special Creation From Scientific Evidence by James White

What Is R.C. Sproul’s Position on Creation? from Karisa Schlehr

Defending Creation Theory -7 short messages defending creation theory

Theistic evolution challenged, defended in online exchange by Erin Roach 

General and Special Revelation — A Reformed Approach to Science and Scripture-Series by R. C. Sproul

Creation Science

A Reformed Approach to Science and Scripture, A New Free eBook from Keith Mathison (711 Kb)

The Historical Reality of Adam by Guy Waters

Science of Uncertainty by Dr. Elizabeth Mitchell

Big Bang Cosmology Is Consistent With Scripture?

10 Best evidences from science that confirm a young earth

Theses on natural theology Posted by Scott Swain

Science Doesn’t Say Anything– Scientists Do by Frank Turek

The Lost World of Adam and Eve: A Response | Answers in Genesis (Pdf)

A Well-Preserved Whale Fossil Has Been Discovered on a California Mountain

Dinosaurs and the Bible – Contradiction?


Religions Are Not All Basically the Same by Robert Starke

Walter Martin articles on Jehovah's Witnesses

The New Apostolic Reformation: Influence and Teachings by Holly Pivec

The Fallible God of Molinism

Whatever Happened to Rob Bell

In My Defense Against Today’s Miracles by Hershel Lee Harvell Jr Pdf [86.6 Kb]

Good material to prove that the gifts of the apostles ceased.

For some good info on how to witness to or answer the Jehovah's Witnesses and Mormons - Home

Seventh-day Adventist Church

Mormon Couple Argues w/Christian at the Temple- Apologia Studios

Gnosticism by Charmley, Gervase N. 


Sandemanianism by Michael Haykin

Culture Wars

Are we creating a culture of moral misfits? by Gary DeMar


Debate As a Christian Duty by Douglas Wilson

Debate - William Lane Craig vs Christopher Hitchens - Does God Exist?

The God Debate II: Harris vs. Craig

Was Jesus Crucified? The (Zaatari – White) 2012 Public Debate

MP3 Religious Debates, Christian Apologetics Talks, Catholic EWTN

Christian vs Atheist Debates----583 debates are linked to here

The Fr Copleston and Bertrand Russel debate of 1948 on the "Existence of God."

The Existence and Attributes of God Debate (AUDIO) Jeff Durbin, Sye Ten Bruggencate and Paul Viggiano vs Bruce Gleason, Andrew Breeding and Sean Taylor (Right Click and 'Save link as' to download mp3)

False Teachers

The Worst '25 Must Listen to Podcasts'- A collection of podcast links claiming to be the best podcasts links to listen to however, this list would be a list of the worst podcasts to listen too. (As a side note: Some would argue that David Platt and Matt Chandler ought to be on this list. You be the judge.

The Blasphemy of Joel Osteen’s “The Power of I AM” by Nollie

Tips for being a false teacher by Tim Grant

Joel Osteen or Fortune Cookie? Take the quiz and see if you can tell which quotes are from Osteen and which are from a fortune cookie.

Joel Osteen is a Demonic False Teacher (Washer, MacArthur, Piper)

God's Existence Proven

Series of Lectures off Youtube:

(Part 1) Does God Exist?: The Principle of Cause

(Part 2a) Does God Exist? The Moral and Cosmological Argument for the existence of God 

(Part 2b) Does God Exist? The Finite expanding universe; The cosmological universe 

(Part 3) Does God Exist?The Cosmos is the evidence of God's existence

(Part 4) Does God Exist? The Teleological (design) Argument for the existence of God

(Part 5) Does God Exist? The Teleological (Design) Argument for the existence of God

(Part 6) Does God Exist? The Teleological (Design) Argument for the existence of God 

(Part 7) Does God Exist? Protein manufacture via the Nucleous and Ribosome

(Part 8) Does God Exist: What is the Cause of Existence?

(Part 9) Does God Exist?: What an Atheist believes

(Part 10) The Evidence for God's existence 

(Part 11) Evidence the Bible is God's Word 

(Part12) Does God Exist The Evidence the Bible is the WORD of God

(Part 13) Does God Exist? God revealed through the Bible and Prophecy 


Series by Lee Strobel on the Existence of God :

The Case for a Creator pt 1

The Case for a Creator pt 2

The Case for a Creator pt 3

The Case for a Creator pt 4

The Case for a Creator pt 5

The Case for a Creator pt 6

The Case for a Creator pt 7

The Case for a Creator pt 8

The Case for a Creator pt 9

The Case for a Creator pt 10


Where do objective morals originate in the universe by William Lane Craig

Evidence for God: A Fine-Tuned Universe

Lee Strobel: Science Points Toward Existence of a Creator by Alex Murashko

The Case for the Existence of God by Bert Thompson Pdf [339 kb]

5 Proofs for the Existence of God - by Andrew Corbett

Twenty Arguments For The Existence Of God by Peter Kreeft


Five Truths About the Wrath of God

J. I. Packer on Why Annihilationism Is Wrong


Top Ten Passages to know in the Qur'an

Top Ten Passages in the Qur’an that Christians Must Know (Pdf)

Logic and Reason

Master List of Logical Fallacies

Is the Christian faith really rational? by R C Sproul

Logic: A God-Centered Approach -Dr. Vern Poythress speaks about his new book, Logic: A God-Centered Approach to the Foundation of Western Thought. Mp3 (57 minutes)

Free! Logic: A God-Centered Approach by Vern Sheridan Poythress

Faith and Reason by Dick Sztanyo Pdf [269 kb]


Bart Erhman: A Critique (William Lane Craig) Video

Critique of Bart Erhman (James White) Video

Let God Be True: A Brief Defense of the Christian Faith by Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr.

Review of “Federal Vision, heresy at the root” by David J. Engelsma

Phil Johnson on N. T. Wright

A Defense of the Old Perspective on Paul What Did St. Paul Really Say? by Phil Johnson

Tabletalk-What N. T. Wright Really Said

An Overview and Critique of the New Perspective on Paul's Doctrine of Justification by Jeffrey Smith

Has God Ever Ordained Evil to Take Place? by John Hendryx

You Reason That God Killed Canaanites for Thought crime, Therefore, So Can We

Do Christians and Muslims Worship the Same God? by Albert Mohler, Jr.

A Serious Challenge to the New Perspective on Paul by Michael Kruger

What Happens to Those Who Never Hear the Gospel? by Matt Smethurst

Open Theism

Isaiah 40-48 and Open Theism

What is Open Theism? by Andrew Wilson

Responding to Open Theism in Fourteen Words by Andrew Wilson


Why Philosophy Matters for Christians by Vern Poythress

Presuppositional Apologetics

The Gospel Coalition placed up five articles proving and endorsing Presuppositional Apologetics:

5 Ways Pastors Can Improve Their Apologetic Preaching by Josh Moody

What is Presuppositionalism? William Edgar

Questioning Presuppositionalism by Paul Copan

Answering Objections to Presuppositionalism by K. Scott Oliphint

How Pastors Can Make Time to Talk with Skeptics by Daniel Strange


Some Brief Critical Thoughts on Presuppositionalism by Richard G. Howe, Ph. D (Pdf 144 kb)

Presuppositional Apologetics: Stated and Defended Greg L. Bahnsen (Reviewed by W. Gary Crampton) (Pdf 298 kb)

Geisler's Article on Van Till

Many Infallible Proofs: The Presuppositional Meaning of Acts 1:3 by Joel R. Parkinson (Pdf 437 kb)

The Robbery of Neutrality by Joseph Torres

Evangelism and Apologetics by Dr. Greg Bahnsen

Exegetical And Theological Bases For A Consistently Presuppositional Approach To Apologetics by George Zemek [Pdf]

What Is “Presuppositional” Apologetics?

Presuppositional Apologetics: An Introduction Part 1 of 2: Introduction and Creation by John M. Frame

Presuppositional Apologetics: An Introduction Part 2 of 2: Fall and Redemption; and Summary and Conclusion by John M. Frame

Presuppositional Apologetics by John Frame

Van Til: His Logic, Epistemology, and Apologetic by Nathan Pitchford

Vantil Info- Many pdf's defending the presuppostional apologetic method

Presuppositional Apologetics- Many pdf's defending the presuppositional apologetic method

Presuppositionalism/Evidentialism, and then Apologetically Useful Verses by James White

A Huge Collection of Presuppositional Lectures and Lectures on other Topics


William Lane Craig vs Bart Ehrman: Resurrection Debate

William Lane Craig vs. Richard Carrier: Resurrection Debate

Evidence for the Resurrection by Josh McDowell

The Evidence for the Resurrection Pt1---Can it Persuade Skeptics? By Dr. John Ankerberg and Dr. John Weldon

Christianity-Hoax or History by Josh McDowell Pdf

Resurrection Growth Guide by Josh McDowell Pdf

Reasons Skeptics Should Consider Christianity by Josh McDowell Pdf

Skeptics Who demanded a Verdict by Josh McDowell Pdf

What's the big deal about Easter? Washington Examiner

Evidence for the Resurrection by Jay Smith

“Raised? Doubting the Resurrection” by Jonathan K. Dodson & Brad Watson Kindle, (.mobi), iBooks, (.epub), or PDF

Evidence for the Resurrection

Evidence for the Resurrection by Hershel Lee Harvell Jr April 8, 2007 MP3 [3.49 Mb]


Linus or Manmas? by Scot Oliphint

Tomb of Jesus

New Archaeological Discovery Questions Jesus' Bodily Resurrection by Luiza Oleszczuk

The Tomb of Jesus and Family? Second Thoughts 

9 Facts That Disprove the Claim About The Lost Tomb of Jesus

The Jesus Tomb? ‘Titanic’ Talpiot Tomb Theory Sunk From The Start by Ben Witherington

Jesus Tomb Discovery Team's 'Jonah Whale' a Deception, Say Scholars by Stoyan Zaimov

A wide variety of mp3 debates on resurrection, creation-evolution, etc... Here.

Apologetic Mp3's

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